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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. The fruit pulp, seeds, leaves, flowers, roots, and bark of baobab are edible and they have been studied by scientists for their useful properties. Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) (A. digitata) is a majestic tree revered in Africa for its medicinal and nutritional value. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. The Baobab tree is a strange looking tree that grows in low-lying areas in Africa and Australia. Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits, Edible Leaves, Edible Seeds, Edible Roots) We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Genus Adansonia is named after Michel Adanson (1727 - 1806), who was a French botanist in Senegal and author of the book, Familles des plantes. Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae) is commonly known as baobab tree native to Africa. Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Adansonia digitata commonly known as baobab is the most widespread of the Adansonia species on the African continent, found in the hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. Baobab is a multi-purpose tree which offers protection and provides food, clothing and medicine as well as raw material for many useful items. Adansonia integrifolia Raf. NAME: Adansonia digitata FAMILY: Bombacaceae COMMON NAMES: Baobab, monkey-bread tree, upside-down tree, cream of tartar tree. Usually solitary individuals surviving well in dry climates and tolerating fire. Trees have also been introduced to other regions such as Asia. "A Baobab Solution for the Prevention and Treatment of Acute Dehydration in Infantile Diarrhea." Keep in mind that supplements haven't been tested for safety and due to the fact that dietary supplements are largely unregulated, the content of some products may differ from what is specified on the product label. Ophelus sitularius Lour. Phytochemical investigation revealed the presence of flavonoids, phytosterols, amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. Adansonia sulcata A. Chev. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Adansonia scutula Steud. Osman MA. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. Some proponents claim that, due to their antioxidant content, products made with baobab fruit can help slow the aging process and protect against major illnesses like heart disease and cancer. The plant parts are used to treat various ailments such as diarrhoea, malaria and microbial infections [ 4 ]. Can Ivy Gourd Treat Diabetes and High Cholesterol? The plants main feature are the thick tree-like stems. Adansonia situla (Lour.) Growth and development Adansonia situla (Lour.) Baobab fruit contains fructose, a low glycemic index type of … Research shows that baobab seeds are rich in essential fatty acids (such as linoleic acid) that may help improve the skin. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a tree native to certain tropical regions in Africa, including South Africa, Botswana, and Mozambique. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Production and hosting by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(15)30174-X. If you're considering baobab for a chronic condition, make sure to consult your physician before starting your supplement regimen. Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. In an earlier report (published in Plant Foods for Human Nutrition in 2004), scientists determined that baobab fruit contains significant amounts of essential minerals (including calcium, potassium, and magnesium). Also, the safety of supplements in pregnant women, nursing mothers, children, and those with medical conditions or who are taking medications has not been established. How Cranberries Can Help Different Health Conditions. For instance, baobab is sometimes said to contain greater amounts of vitamin C than oranges and other citrus fruits. Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. Often consumed as a food or added to beverages, baobab fruit is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. Continue shopping for PROVINGS Adansonia scutula Steud. Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, is a board-certified acupuncturist, herbalist, and integrative medicine doctor practicing in Santa Monica, California. congolensis A. Chev. The tree already faces a crisis of survival and is listed as an endangered species in the Red Data Book . In recent years, manufacturers have begun adding baobab fruit to juices, energy drinks, energy bars, and dietary supplements. Copyright © 2015 Hainan Medical University. Shukla YN, Dubey S, Jain SP, Kumar S. Chemistry, biology and uses of Adansonia digitata -a review. If you want to add it to the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group. This study was carried out to investigate the native uses and nutritional content (peoximate composition and minerals profile) of the leaf, pulp and seed of A. digitata L. (Baoba). Baobab [Adansonia digitata] Other names include boab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, upside-down tree, and monkey bread tree. Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. Traditionally, in many countries, various parts of the Adansonia digitata (A. digitata) tree have been used in the treatment of many clinical ailments including diarrhea and dysentery.The phytochemical screening has indicated that the leaf extract of A. digitata contains flavonoids, saponins, mucilage, steroids, and alkaloids. The entirety of the tree has a myriad of botanical uses. Baobab is also said to protect against inflammation-related conditions (including type 2 diabetes, arthritis, and allergies, as well as heart disease and cancer). "Chemical and Nutrient Analysis of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata) Fruit and Seed Protein Solubility." Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Bombacaceae family and is generally known as the African Baobab. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. F. 14-2(SC)/2010 (SA-III)]. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Adansonia baobab Linnaeus; Adansonia digitata var. Adansonia Digitata is also commonly known as Baobab. Seeds contain appreciable quantities of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, sodium, iron, manganese, whereas they have high levels of lysine, thiamine, calcium and iron. Spreng. The name Adansonia was given to this tree to commemorate the French surgeon Michel Adanson (1727-1806); the species name digitata meaning hand-like, is in reference to the shape of the leaves. What Is Glutathione and What Are the Benefits? Dakar Med. The available research includes a 2009 report published in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. Acid pulp of fruit used by some pastoral tribes to curdle milk in the manufacture of kwatakwari. Often marketed as a "superfruit," baobab is typically touted as a rich source of antioxidants. A semi-fluid gum obtained from baobab bark is used to treat sore throat (FAO, 1988). Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. Baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae) is a multi-purpose tree species native to Africa. Osman MA. Additionally, baobab fruit is sometimes used as an ingredient in skincare, hair-care, and body-care products. Chadare FJ, Linnemann AR, Hounhouigan JD, Nout MJ, Van Boekel MA. Food as medicines and medicines as food Adansonia digitata L. is a tree commonly called Baoba tree which is a native of African savannah widely distributed in arid zones of Sahara. https://www.edenproject.com/learn/for-everyone/plant-profiles/baobab Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaertn. Young leaves eaten in soup, and as a pot herb. As the plant matures you can expect it to reach up to 25 m (82ft) tall. Adansonia sphaerocarpa A. Chev. "Baobab Food Products: a Review on Their Composition and Nutritional Value." Species digitata means hand-shaped and refers to the shape of the leaves. It is called “ K alp v riksh a ” in India and has mythological significance in India and elsewhere. All Baobabs are deciduous trees ranging in height from 5 to 20 meters. 2004 Winter;59(1):29-33. Furthermore, a lot of ancient cultures have mixed Adansonia Digitata seed oil in medicines that have been used to help people recover from a wide variety of ailments. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Traditional Medicinal Uses of Adansonia digitata Indications: Administered to people only. The review summarizes the information on various aspects of traditional information, taxonomic description, medicinal properties and importantly nutritional value. Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. View abstract. Due to a lack of supporting research, it's too soon to recommend baobab for any health-related purpose. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India. Adansonia digitatastem bark extract is been used in the treatment of stomach upset, diarrhoea, dysentery, antioxidant, antimaleria, antiinflammation. Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. Applied in a magical sense. Read our, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Matt Fletcher / Lonely Planet Images / Getty Images, The Health Benefits of Grapefruit Seed Extract. International Common Names In addition, practitioners of traditional African medicine often use baobab fruit to curb inflammation. Some personal-care products contain baobab oil, which is extracted from the seeds of the baobab tree. Adansonia integrifolia Raf. LOCAL NAMES: Ose, Igi-ose, kukaa, kulambali, Gorakh-imli. The leaves are mostly green to … Adansonia digitata (African baobab) ‘Baobab’ 1989 Proving of Adansonia digitata and materia medica available to buy as a downloadable pdf file. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. Available for purchase online, products containing baobab are sold in some natural-food stores and in stores specializing in dietary supplements. To date, very few scientific studies have tested the potential health benefits of baobab fruit. Looking at data on the nutritional properties of baobab, the report's authors found that baobab fruit is rich in antioxidants, including vitamin C. However, since little is known about how efficiently the human body can absorb the antioxidants found in baobab fruit, the report's authors call for more research on the health effects of consuming baobab. Baobab oil is made from the fruit seeds which are extracted and dried in the sun. The bark produces strong fibers used in … In addition, personal-care products containing baobab oil are available in some specialty-beauty shops. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Foundation Project: Supported by University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India [Grant No. 2009 Mar;49(3):254-74. Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. The baobab used to belong to the family, Bombacaceae, but this is now generally regarded as a … View abstract. The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Baobab-containing products are often marketed as a rich source of antioxidants. Adansonia baobab L., 1764 Adansonia digitata var. You can get tips on using supplements. The plants main feature is known to be the largest succulent in the world. The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Key words: Baobab, Adansonia digitata L., traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, anti-nutritional factors Introduction Baobab or Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Malvaceae family (Bremer et al., 2003) and is a deciduous tree native to arid Central Africa (Yazzie et al., 1994). In traditional African medicine, baobab fruit is used to treat a number of illnesses (including asthma, fever, diarrhea, malaria, and smallpox). congolensis A.Chev. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. Often consumed as a food or added to beverages, baobab fruit is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. It is a massive, deciduous tree up to 25 m in height and may live for hundreds of years. Seeds eaten as food and mixed with millet (Panicum miliaceum) to produce a thin gruel. In tree: Trees of special interest …ground) are held by the baobab (Adansonia digitata) of Africa and the Mexican swamp cypress (Taxodium mucronatum).The baobab attains a maximum height of about 23 metres (75 feet); its barrel-shaped trunk attains a diameter of more than 5 metres (16 feet), but a few individuals range from 7.7 to… Adansonia species Adansonia digitata Name Synonyms Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaert. Furthermore, the fruit and leaves can be eaten as a good source of vitamin C, as well as the seeds and flowers for protein (FAO). Fruit pulp is edible and juice can be made from it. While baobab is generally considered safe, little is known about the safety of long-term use of supplements containing baobab. To purchase Adansonia digitata as a remedy, please contact your homeopathic pharmacy. Adansonia is a genus made up of eight species of medium to large deciduous trees known as baobabs (/ ˈ b eɪ oʊ ˌ b æ b /).Previously classified within the family Bombacaceae, they are now placed in the Malvaceae.They are native to Madagascar, mainland Africa and Australia. To increase your intake of antioxidants, try including antioxidant-rich foods like berries, dark, leafy greens and other vibrantly colored fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. USEFUL PART(s): Leaves, fruit pulp, bark GENERAL USE(s): The leaves are use as animal feed and pasture for ruminant animal. Maintains Healthy Blood Sugar Levels. The bark, leaves, flesh, and seeds of this tree are commonly used in a variety of foods in addition to skincare products. Tal-Dia A, Toure K, Sarr O, Sarr M, Cisse MF, Garnier P, Wone I. Osman MA. The common name baobab is derived from Arabic meaning "father of many seeds?. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. J Medi Arom Plant Sci 2001; 23: 429-34. 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